Martini Hospital


Essential Parts Of A Proper Descriptive Research Paper

What should a descriptive research paper contain? There are mainly three major issues we should be concerned with.

The Message

First and foremost, the paper should be describing the topic. It’s the idea of ‘showing, not telling’. Not retelling the research or simply stating the results but describing it. This means that the whole process, from the very beginning to the end - the results included - must be described. Preferably, this should be done in a maximally neutral way without picking any sides. This is what you should keep in mind about the content of the essay. Here is an example of the difference between telling and describing. Which one seems more attractive to you?

  • “I am hungry and thirsty.”
  • “My stomach aches of its unbearable emptiness, and my throat feels like the Sahara – dry and unpleasant.”

The Flow

When it comes to the mechanics of the writing, it should be structured well and have a clear and logical flow.

  • Start with an introduction and introduce your thesis in it. You might put it in the middle or at the end of the intro; it depends on the circumstance. See which pattern fits your essay most. It is really important that the thesis is clear and well-thought out. Spend some time on making it clear.
  • Then, proceed with the body. You can try organizing it chronologically. First, introduce the goals of the research. Next, explain the means by which those goals were supposed to be reached. Third, talk about the actual flow. What was the action and what was the reaction.
  • Finally, talk about the results. State if the goals were achieved, if the thesis is supported by the research or, instead, declined. You can also add a list of pros and cons of the subject studied if the subject is suitable. In the end, conclude and bring everything to its logical finale.

Academic Attitude

Try to have at least three of the most important characteristics:

  • A neutral tone of on speech;
  • An academic language;
  • No grammar errors.

If necessary, check your writing with a spellchecker. Make sure not to sound too passionate and, under no circumstances, use slang. These are the absolute outcasts of academic writing.


In short, keep in mind to be interesting and not to get boring in your description while staying professional and serious. Follow the structure and use proper language and you will be successful.